Project Archive: The Holocaust: Remembrance, Respect, and Resilience

This is a snapshot of project information archived on 2 September 2022. Please contact the project team for most recent updates.

The Holocaust: Remembrance, Respect, and Resilience

Subject: History

Book Language: English

Audience: High School and College Students

Created date: February 26, 2020

Updated date: February 7, 2021

Target Release Date: 2021-05-18


  • Attribution
  • Non-Commercial


  • Authors
  • Peer Reviewers
  • Editors


Welcome teammates, collaborators, and participants! We value your attention and constructive support, including your comments and suggestions. This project began with efforts to develop Holocaust and Human Rights Education (HHRE) that are part of the US Holocaust Memorial and Museum (USHMM) and


. It was developed into an OER text project thanks to multiple Penn State University communities, including our teaching and learning with technologies (TLT) group and our PSU Libraries. It will help social sciences and humanities, among other disciplines and communities include HHRE in curricula. Please feel free to send me a message and to join our conversations!

Michael Polgar

, PhD Penn State University

Short Description:

An OER that helps learners and teachers provide and share Holocaust and Human Rights education. Free resource for teachers and learners who remember so that we never again should witness mass atrocities and genocides such as the Holocaust. Respecting human rights is our obligation; resilience is our strength! Three Rs for all! We welcome authors, reviewers, and other participants from all backgrounds. We value and practice diversity, equity, and inclusion.


Understanding the Holocaust: Remembrance, Respect, and Resilience

This outline is subject to change

0.0 Introduction

Introduction: Roots and Branches

1.0 Enablers

1.1 Propaganda

1.2 Eugenics and (Pseudo-) Science

1.3 Nationalism and Colonialism

1.4 World Wars

1.5 Art as a weapon

2.0 Protagonists

2.1 Diverse Jewish Communities: Before, during, and after the Holocaust

2.2 Nazis: German Authoritarian Perpetrators

2.3 Plural persecuted groups: People with disability, Roma, LGBT, women

2.4 Everyone else: upstanders, bystanders (onlookers), rescuers

2.5 First person: The Artist as Witness

2.1.b: Jewish Partisan Resistance

3.0 Settings

3.1 Germany: Weimar, Third Reich, and Post-War

3.2 Occupied Europe: “Space for the Race”

3.3 Ghettos and Camps: Forced migrations, labor, and mass persecution

3.4 Everywhere else: who is allied against genocide?

3.5 Artists of Terezín – deception, secret, under cover of war

4.0 Aftereffects

4.1 a. Liberation

4.1 b. Migrations

4.2 International Law, Justice, and Reparations

4.3 Educating Upstanders through the Arts and Literature

4.4 Holocaust Denial and Distortion

4.5 Genocides: Rwanda and others (Bosnia)

5.0 Representations

5.1 Museums and Memorials: Never Again is Written in Stone

5.2 Survivor Accounts: Witness the First Person

5.3 Images and Echoes through the Arts

5.4 New Media: Inspired 21st century resources

5.5 Disrupted Narratives (literature)

Back Matter